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10 Typescript Tips for Beginner Developers

Fabien Schlegel

Fabien Schlegel

6 min

published: 6/7/2023

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As a beginner developer, TypeScript can sometimes be overwhelming. However, with the right tips and techniques, you can harness the power of TypeScript to write safer and more reliable code. In this post, I will share 10 TypeScript tips that will help you improve your development workflow and enhance your understanding of the language.

Enable Strict Mode

One of the best features of TypeScript is its strict type-checking system. By enabling strict mode, TypeScript will perform more thorough type checks and provide better error messages. To enable strict mode, add the "strict": true option to your tsconfig.json file:

  "compilerOptions": {
    "strict": true

Enabling strict mode from the beginning of your project will help you catch potential errors early on and ensure better code quality.

Use Explicit Types

TypeScript is all about types, so it's important to be explicit when defining types. Avoid relying on type inference and explicitly specify the types for variables, function parameters, and return values. This improves code readability and makes it easier for other developers to understand your code. For example:

function addNumbers(a: number, b: number): number {
  return a + b;

Take Advantage of Interfaces

Interfaces in TypeScript allow you to define the shape of objects and specify the types of their properties. They are a powerful tool for creating reusable and maintainable code. Instead of using inline type annotations, consider defining interfaces for complex data structures. For example:

interface User {
  name: string;
  age: number;
  email: string;

function sendEmail(user: User) {
  // ...

Using interfaces not only improves code clarity but also enables type checking for object properties.

Utilize Union Types and Type Guards

Union types allow you to define a variable that can have multiple types. This is useful when dealing with situations where a variable can have different possible values. Type guards, such as typeof and instanceof, help you narrow down the type within a conditional block. Here's an example:

type Shape = 'circle' | 'square' | 'triangle';

function getArea(shape: Shape, size: number): number {
  if (shape === 'circle') {
    return Math.PI * size * size;
  } else if (shape === 'square') {
    return size * size;
  } else if (shape === 'triangle') {
    return (Math.sqrt(3) / 4) * size * size;

const area = getArea('circle', 5);

By using union types and type guards, you can write more flexible and robust code that handles different scenarios.

Destructure Objects and Arrays

Destructuring is a convenient feature in TypeScript that allows you to extract values from objects and arrays. It can make your code more concise and readable. Instead of accessing object properties or array elements directly, you can destructure them into separate variables. Here's an example:

interface Person {
  name: string;
  age: number;
  address: string;

function greet(person: Person) {
  const { name, age } = person;
  console.log(`Hello, ${name}! You are ${age} years old.`);

const user = { name: 'Alice', age: 25, address: '123 Main St' };

Destructuring not only simplifies your code but also reduces the need for repetitive object or array access.

Use Generics for Reusable Code

Generics allow you to create reusable code components that work with different types. They provide flexibility and type safety by allowing you to parameterize types in functions, classes, and interfaces. By using generics, you can write functions or classes that can work with a variety of data types while maintaining type safety. Here's an example:

function identity<T>(value: T): T {
  return value;

const result = identity<number>(42);

In this example, the identity function uses a generic type parameter T to indicate that it can accept and return any type. When invoking the function, you can specify the type explicitly (e.g., identity<number>(42)) or let TypeScript infer the type based on the argument.

Utilize Type Assertion

Type assertion is a way to tell the TypeScript compiler about the specific type of a value when you have more information than the type checker. It allows you to override the inferred type and treat the value as a different type. Use type assertion with caution and only when you are confident about the type compatibility. Here's an example:

let value: any = 'Hello, TypeScript!';
let length: number = (value as string).length;

In this case, the value is explicitly asserted as a string using the as keyword. This allows accessing the length property, which is specific to strings.

Take Advantage of Type Inference

TypeScript has powerful type inference capabilities, which means it can automatically infer the type of a variable based on its value. You can leverage type inference to reduce the need for explicit type annotations, making your code more concise and readable. Here's an example:

let message = 'Hello, TypeScript!';
// TypeScript infers the type of 'message' as string

let numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
// TypeScript infers the type of 'numbers' as number[]

In these examples, TypeScript infers the types of variables based on the assigned values. However, note that explicit type annotations can still be useful for improving code clarity, especially in complex scenarios.

Use Optional and Default Function Parameters

TypeScript allows you to define optional function parameters by adding a ? after the parameter name. This enables you to provide default values or make certain parameters optional when calling a function. Here's an example:

function greet(name: string, greeting?: string) {
  if (greeting) {
    console.log(`${greeting}, ${name}!`);
  } else {
    console.log(`Hello, ${name}!`);

greet('Alice'); // Hello, Alice!
greet('Bob', 'Hi'); // Hi, Bob!

In this case, the greeting parameter is optional, and if it's not provided, the function falls back to a default greeting.

Use Intersection Types for Flexible Type Composition

Intersection types allow you to combine multiple types into a single type, creating a new type that has all the properties and methods from each constituent type. This provides flexibility in composing types and can be particularly useful when dealing with complex object structures. Here's an example:

type Greeting = {
  greet(): void;

type Farewell = {
  sayGoodbye(): void;

type GreetingAndFarewell = Greeting & Farewell;

class Person implements GreetingAndFarewell {
  greet() {

  sayGoodbye() {

const person = new Person();
person.greet(); // Hello!
person.sayGoodbye(); // Goodbye!

In this example, we define the Greeting and Farewell types, which represent objects that have specific methods. By using the intersection type operator (&), we create a new type GreetingAndFarewell that combines both types. The Person class then implements the GreetingAndFarewell type, requiring it to provide implementations for both greet and sayGoodbye methods.

By utilizing intersection types, you can create flexible and reusable type compositions to represent complex behaviours and structures in your TypeScript code.


TypeScript is a powerful programming language that brings static typing and advanced features to JavaScript development. These tips will help you write cleaner, more maintainable code and boost your productivity.

Embrace TypeScript's strong type system and take advantage of its tooling support to create robust and scalable applications. Remember to stay updated with the latest TypeScript advancements and continue learning to stay ahead in the ever-evolving world of web development.

Start applying these tips today and unlock the full potential of TypeScript in your projects. Happy coding!

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